Uncompromising (or) Trade-offs?

Dear Readers,

Over the last three decades, free trade has advanced due to a favorable international order and the availability of relatively cheap means of transport enabling fast delivery of products to customers. These have been the main boosters of globalization, together with the technological revolution. With the advancement of 3-D printing, for example, new ways of decentralized production over the long-distance have become economically and technically feasible with far-reaching implications for labor markets. Business models of production, logistics, distribution and marketing have changed dramatically based on global supply chains. Newly emerging business models require smarter protection of intellectual property. The importance of approximation of regulation – be it technical, environmental or other standards – cannot be overestimated. Until recently, trade negotiators spent most of their time harmonizing regulations in efforts to curb non-tariff barriers. To no one’s surprise, these were the main stumbling blocks in TTIP negotiations. This is no longer the case. The U.S. President has re-installed custom tariffs into the policy toolbox. Ken Weinstein of Hudson Institute explains the broader context of the U.S. – China tariff battle. It has implications for the global economy since the triangle between the U.S., China (PRC) and the EU accounts for a major chunk of global trade. In 2016, the trade volume between US and EU accounted for 685 (all in billion USD), between the U.S. and China – 552, and between the EU and China – 560. U.S. import from China – 426 – has exceeded import from the EU – 410, while the trade deficit of the U.S. with China – 300 – was more than twice that of the EU -135.

This issue also contains contributions dealing with movement of people, including labor migration. An interview with historian Miroslava Keryk deals with the role of Ukrainian workers in the Polish economy. In another interview, Michael W. Doyle of Global Policy Initiative at Columbia University speaks about the draft of the International Mobility Convention designed to treat various modalities of human mobility in a more comprehensive manner and in a legally binding way. This could serve as inspirational reading for those criticizing the UN Global Migration Compact.

Former EU Commissioner Lewandowski deals with possible trade-offs in the negotiations of the 2020-2027 EU Multi-annual Financial Framework. Should the EU budget focus on research and innovation or spend more on defense or regional and agricultural subsidies? What is more conducive to the future success of Central Europe? We have identified investments in human skills and education as key factors of economic competitiveness at our annual conference about the “Shape of (Central) Europe”. The proceedings from the recent one can be found on our website and will be returned to in future issues. Stay tuned to us!

Jiří Schneider

Jiří Schneider entered public life after democratic changes in 1989 when he was elected to the Czechoslovak Parliament (Federal Assembly) in 1990 and 1992. In 1993 he joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and held various positions at the Czech diplomatic service. Most prominently he served as Ambassador to Israel (1995-1998) and First Deputy Foreign Minister of the Czech Republic (2010-2014).

 

Jiří Schneider graduated at The Czech Technical University (ČVUT) and obtained a Diploma in Religious Studies from University of Cambridge. From 2000 to 2009 he lectured on security studies, international relations, public policy, and the role of think tanks in Central Europe at Charles University in Prague, Masaryk University in Brno, and New York University in Prague. During the International Policy Fellowship at the Central European University in Budapest he published on Think Tanks in Visegrad Countries (2003) and Lobbying and Interest Representation (2007). He was closely associated with the Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI), a leading Czech security think tank, as a Program Director (2005-2010) and most recently as a Senior Fellow and Director of Special Projects (2014-2015).

 

Jiří’s engagement with Aspen dates back to the early 90ʼs when he was a fellow of Aspen Institute Germany. More recently he supported the establishment of Aspen Institute Prague and served as a member of its Supervisory Board from 2011 to 2014.

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The Powerless Are Tired: 1989–2019

This issue provides not only a retrospective look at the last 30 years but also reflects current challenges for the Visegrad group. That found its purpose in the dismantling of liberal democracy, unfortunately for all its citizens. Read the brand new Aspen Review.

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